Bachelors in Geology
Geologists study the materials that make up the Earth and their properties. They also study the changes these materials have gone undergone over the history of the Earth.
Most careers in geology usually require at least a Bachelor’s Degree. Both programs will cover similar materials, but a Bachelor’s Degree in geology program includes more in depth coverage of several advanced topics.
Usually there are several courses you should expect to take.
- Composition of the Earth
- Environmental Sciences
- Geochemistry and Geophysics
- Statistics and Calculus
- Plate Tectonics
- Rock formations and transformations
Bachelor’s Degree in geology programs often include laboratory work or /and field study.
Specialized positions, for example such as professorships in the geosciences, or consulting for companies in the oil industry, will certainly require advanced degrees. Students who are aiming for these positions will want to consider Master’s Degree and PHD programs.
These degrees will require significant data collection and field work, plus a dissertation or thesis paper. Students who are interested in the industrial and business applications of geology may also seek a Master’s of Business Administration (MBA).
An MBA is a degree looked highly upon in the business world and is often necessary for career advancement.
Careers with Bachelors Degree in Geology
Very broadly, geology is the study of the Earth. Scientists who study the earth’s crust to obtain an accurate picture of its structure, history, and composition are geologists. There are many practical uses for the science of geology.
Geologists’ findings are used in construction, in planning environmental protection measures, and in exploring for sources of coal, metals, petroleum, and natural gas. Geologists work for the federal government, private industries, museums, colleges and universities.
Careers in geology include:
- Field research
- Positions within construction firms
- Education, both primary and secondary
- Government positions, often related to the environment and natural resources
- Consulting for the oil industry
This is just a sampling of the careers available to students who study geology. Special sites have many resources available for those considering a career in geology or other Earth sciences.
According to the US Department of Labor, www.bls.gov, geological science technicians earn $19 per hour on average. Advanced positions, requiring more education have a salary range of $50,000- $100,000 or more per year.
There are a large amount of different kinds of geologists. For example, mineralogists, who study minerals, rocks, and precious stones. They classify them according to their structure and composition. Engineering geologists help to determine where to construct dams, lay pipelines, and build roads. Paleontologists work with biologists to determine what the world was like in prehistoric times.
Paleontologists study layers of rock and fossils. Some geologists often study ecology to incorporate protection of the environment in their work. Other geologists may work with geophysicists to predict volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
Most geologists in the United States work in private sector industry, with the majority employed in the natural gas and petroleum industry. This kind of geologists help find new sources of gas and oil by collecting samples of soil and rock. They compare these samples with rock and soil found near known deposits of crude oil and natural gas. This helps geologists to select locations for new natural resources.
Geologists’ ability to examine samples taken from the ocean floors is becoming increasingly important, because offshore oil resources are one of the most efficient energy supplies of the not faraway future. Samples of soil and rock may also be useful to geologists who search for sources of fresh water or deposits of valuable minerals and ores.
Another group of geologists in the USA are researchers or teachers in colleges and schools. In colleges they teach advanced and introductory courses in geology. In high schools most geologists teach earth science and general science. Some also instruct students in ecology and environmental studies. Geologists working for colleges usually divide their time between research and teaching.
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